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DEEP BLUE VS KASPAROV: Most Historical Match Ever

Written by Aishwarya Gupta

Garry Kimovich Kasparov is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Chess Champion. From 1986 until his retirement in 2005, Kasparov was ranked world No. 1. He is one of the smartest people in the world with an IQ-190.

He is the person who won several tournaments in chess and the word losing is not in his dictionary. Till now he has won most of the championships from the most brilliant chess players to the ones who are unknown to us.

He is a major talk in the society of chess, people talk about his techniques and also he is an idol figure of many people who have started learning.


Could someone beat a chess grandmaster in his own game?


But as it is been said that "No Matter How Often You Are Defeated, You Are Born To Victory"


The same happened with Garry. He was defeated by a computer DeepBlue, the irony being how he had once bragged he would never lose to a machine. Everyone was shocked that The Great Garry Kasparov got defeated by a computer. His words which he bragged lose the value in front of his own eyes.



Deep Blue was a chess-playing computer developed by IBM. It is known for being the first computer chess-playing system to win both a chess game and a chess match against a reigning world champion under regular time intervals. Kasparov and other chess masters blamed the defeat on a single move made by the IBM machine.


Deep Blue was capable of evaluating 200 million positions per second, twice as fast as the 1996 version. In June 1997, Deep Blue was the 259th most powerful supercomputer according to the TOP500 list, achieving 11.38 GFLOPS on the high-performance LINPACK benchmark.



On defeating Kasparov on May 11, 1997, Deep Blue made history as the first computer to beat a world champion in a six-game match under standard time controls.


The first match was played in Philadelphia in 1996 and won by Kasparov. He was confident that he will win the second match too but in the second match, he saw his very first defeat.

The second was played in New York City in 1997 and won by Deep Blue. The 1997 match was the first defeat of the reigning chess player. The 1997 match was the subject of a documentary film, The Man vs. The Machine, Everyone around him was shocked even he was sweating when he played the second match.



After only 19 moves, Deep Blue claimed victory over the chess champ, marking a key milestone in the burgeoning world of artificial intelligence. "I lost my fighting spirit", Kasparov said as he resigned from the final game, reported The New York Times.



It was the first time a chess champion was bested by a machine in a traditional chess match, and it was a stunning demonstration of the computing power of machines over the human brain. In the best of five matches, Kasparov won the first game, Deep Blue won the second and then the subsequent three matches ended in draws, but these draws in three matches states that a human mind can also compare an AI machine.


The stage got set for the sixth and final game.



After the fifth game, Kasparov said he had not been in the mood for playing and when asked to elaborate on his outlook he said " I am a human being. When I see something that is well beyond my understanding, I am afraid " he said according to the Times.



We should be proud of the brainpower of humans, we can also compete with the machines. People like Garry Kasparov can defeat a thousand IBMs. But we should be scared too because the machines which are made by the human mind can also be dangerous for our own generation.


In 1996 IBM defeated Garry in chess but remember this is 2020 and coming years can be unimaginable. A thousand IBMs will come and go but no one can compare human creativity.

AI has been the tool for us to do the more tedious job which computer should do and wasn't able to perform till now. With the help of AI and ML, we can spend more time on the creative and fun parts of a job or project. Programming and using them is in our own hands, it is on us how we want to use and what we have to do!

References-

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garry_Kasparov

  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_Blue_(chess_computer)

  3. https://www.wired.com/2012/09/deep-blue-computer-bug/

  4. https://www.techspot.com/trivia/25-what-computer-system-first-win-chess-match-against/

  5. https://www.livescience.com/59065-deep-blue-garry-kasparov-chess-match-anniversary.html

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