Written by Zoya Khan
A humanoid robot is a robot with a body built to resemble the human body. The design can be for practical purposes, such as interacting with humans and environmental tools, for testing or for other purposes.
Janet from A Good Place was an anthropomorphized vessel of knowledge, but now she's so much more. Let's take an in-depth look at the automation of our favorite not-a-girl-not-a-robot.
Typically, humanoid robots have a torso, head, two arms, and two legs. Some humanoid robots with heads are designed to replicate human facial features such as eyes and mouth. The functional structure of the humanoid robot consists of the link, joint, location, and length of the link, which is enforced by each joint, the degree of freedom of various connections, and the selection of the organs of the body. The design will be started by taking the atmospheric pressure used for the formation, loading, weight of the working surface.
As humanoid robots have become commonplace in our society, it is important to understand the relationship between humans and humanoid robots. During face-to-face interactions, the sight of another person performing an action facilitates the execution of the same action and interrupts the execution of different actions. This practice is defined by the presence of shared natural means of action, which will automatically facilitate the perception of another person's action. Both human and humanoid agents have produced significant interference effects. Seeing the action of humanoid robots and human agents may be based on similar visual processes. A humanoid is like a human except with feelings and a thought process. In the present era necessity of humanoid goes very progressively due to its application in our daily life.
When people think of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the big picture that pops into their heads is that the robot wanders and responds. There are many AI forms but humanoid robots are one of the most popular. They have been featured in many Hollywood movies and if you are a fan of science fiction, you may have found a few humanoids. The main purpose of AI for humanoids was that of research.
Now, humanoids are made for several purposes beyond that of mere research. We can use these robots for educational purposes. Many people can benefit from these river robots, they will take care of the sick, collect garbage, monitor homes and offices, give directions on the streets, etc. Life with Humanoid Robots in the community will be very different but very economical. Companies and businesses will also value robots because they can use them to create jobs; this means less money that businesses will give to their employees. They can be used in entertainment and commercial spaces. Humanoid robots are able to do many things that people can’t even think about doing.
Although humanoid robots are becoming popular, inventors face challenges while creating fully practical and realistic ones.
Some of these challenges include:
· Actuators- These are the motors that help in stimulating and affecting the body. The human body is powerful. You can easily pick up a rock, throw it across the road, and rotate it seven times making a waltz. All of this can happen in a space of 10 to 15 seconds. To make a humanoid robot, you need strong, efficient activators that can mimic these actions harmoniously and within the same or lower frame. Activators should be efficient enough to carry a range of actions.
· Sensors- This is what helps humanoids see their environment. Humanoids require all human senses: touch, smell, sight, hearing, and balance in order to function properly. A sense of hearing is essential for a humanoid person to hear the instructions, understand them, and carry them out. Touch sensitivity prevents it from slipping into objects and causing them damage. A humanoid needs a sensation to measure movement and it also needs heat sensations and pain to know when it is facing danger or injury. The facial nerve also needs to be straight to the humanoid to perform facial expressions, and these sensors must be able to carry a variety of expressions.
· AI-based interactions- The degree to which humanoid robots can interact with humans is limited. This is where Artificial Intelligence is censorious. It can help understand commands, questions, statements, and may be able to provide sensitive, humorous answers and to understand random human circles.
Here are some humanoid robots that are so human-like and efficient:
· Sophia- Sophia was created by Hanson robotics and can carry out a wide range of human actions. It is said that she is capable of making up to fifty facial expressions and can express emotions evenly. She has very expressive eyes and her Artificial Intelligence surrounds human values. She has a great sense of humor. This particular humanoid was designed to look like the late British actress, Audrey Hepburn. Since she was granted citizenship in Saudi Arabia, Sophia has been a part of numerous interviews, conferences and is now one of the world's most popular humanoids.
· The Kodomoroid TV presenter- This humanoid robot was developed in Japan. Her name is derived from the Japanese word for a child- Kodomo- and the word 'Android'. She speaks a number of languages and can read the news and give weather forecasts. She has been placed at the Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation in Tokyo where she currently works.
· Jia-Jia- This humanoid robot was worked on for three years by a team at the University of Science and Technology of China before its release. She manages to make conversations but has limited motion and stilted speech. She does not have a full range of expressions but the team of inventors plans to make further developments and impart learning capabilities in her. Although her speech and vocabulary need further work, she still has a sound mind.
Humanoid robots are here to stay and over time, with AI making progress, we’d soon find them everywhere in our daily lives.